Iran’s most valuable handicraft, which has a worldwide reputation, is hand-woven carpets and kilim (short-napped coarse carpet). Persian carpets, due to their beautiful design, texture, and fixed color have their own special privileges, which is unique in the world. Many people, specially women are involved in this industry, in large and small carpet workshops, scattered throughout Iran. Nomadic women weave a simple kind of carpet in their leisure time called jajim (coarse). Jajim is softer and lighter than kilim. In addition to these, another hand-woven products like cashmere, shawls, and different cloth are produced in Iran for different uses. Every tourist who comes to Iran, and specially Kerman wishes to purchase a small carpet, jajim or kilim. Everybody knows the reputation of Persian carpet, and Kerman carpet as one of the best and invaluable handicrafts of the world. This industry and its workshops are both state and privately owned. Most carpets are produced in rural and tribal regions of Kerman. The carpet of every region has its own texture, design and color.
Kerman carpet has included among the most beautiful and premium carpets of Iran and the world. Kerman carpet more than everything is famous because of its color and design which are very important for a carpet. The most famous carpet workshops of this region are located in Rayen and Khanaman. Kerman carpet is more than 400 years old and there is an old picture of Kerman carpet belonging to the time of the Safavids. A precious Kerman carpet is covering the floor of the U.S Senate. It was woven 100 years ago by one of the city’s artists called Abolqasem Karbasi and is about 400 square meters in area. Another famous Kerman carpet is the one which has been taken from Kerman to the United States by an Armenian called “Toum Kolijan” and which is spread under the big Freedom Bell. Major figures like Mohammad Arjmand Kermani, who is known as carpet king of the world, brought about major changes into the industry and his carpets can be still seen at many palaces. Since the late 19th century, Kerman’s hand-woven, knotted pile carpets are widely regarded as among the finest in the world by art historians and collectors for the quality of their materials and workmanship